The Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka is an insular country of the southern coast of the Indian subcontinent, in Asia. Known until 1972 as Ceylon, it was originally known as Heladiva. Sri Lanka has a population of over twenty million people.
Sinhala and Tamil are the official languages in Sri Lanka. English is the mother tongue of approximately 10% of the population and it is spoken and spread widely. These three languages are used in education and civil services.
Sri Lanka’s climate is usually considered tropical and pretty warm.
Sri Lanka is well known for the production and exportation of tea, coffee, rubber and coconuts. Thanks to its landscapes, tropical forests, beaches, the variety of fauna and its great cultural heritage, Sri Lanka is a world famous spot for tourism.
During more than twenty years, Sri Lanka’s history has been deeply marked by an ethnic conflict between the national government and the insurgent movement known as Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam. At the beginning of 2009, the national government started an attack against the Tigers that went on for several months. This conflict ended up with the conclusion of guerrillas forces but with a very high number of civilian deaths.
Due to the fact that it’s located next to the main maritime routes, Sri Lanka is a naval tie between West Asia and South-East Asia. It has also been a place of reference for religion and Buddhist culture in former times.
Nowadays, Sri Lanka is a multi-religious and multi-ethnic country. The religious division is represented by Buddhism (69%), Hinduism (16%), Islamism (7.6%) and Christianity (7.5%). The religion has a very important role in Sri Lanka’s population, both in their lifes and culture. According to the lunar calendar, the majority of Buddhists celebrates its national holiday once a month on a full moon day (named “Poya day”). At the same time, Hinduism and Islamism religion have their own holidays as well.